Showing posts with label automobile technology. Show all posts
Showing posts with label automobile technology. Show all posts

Wednesday, 26 April 2017

Metal as Fuel? These Canadian Scientists are Working to Make it Happen

Can we turn metal into fuel? Canadian scientists are just doing it.

The fuel as we known petroleum and gas will be over in next two decades and we have very little time come up with an alternative. So as per the mainstream technology news some of the Canadian scientists have found of turning the metal into fuel for vehicles in near future.

The researchers from the McGill University have been aggressively studying the combustion capabilities of the metal that also for over a decade. An experiment conducted by them last week in the space has helped in bringing a new twist to their hope of turning metal into fuel.

How this study has helped the scientists?

The technology news has affirmed that the reason behind conducting the experiment in space has the scientists in understanding the way practices react in weightlessness state. Using metal as a fuel is still a farfetched and unusual concept which seems to be an exclusive matter of science fiction but still it can be turned into reality. One of the researchers present in team named Andre Higgins has been studying and working on the concept of turning metal into fuel over two decades.

Collectively they had found that turning metal in powder can help in creating fuel which can be fed to the burner. This fuel will be highly efficient and it will help in releasing more energy and heat per litre of iron power than what is achieved today with a liter of gas.

Quite interestingly the residue in form of iron oxide can again be collected using a vacuum to act as the fuel again. Higgins proudly states this theory as the closed loop system which has higher efficiency than the bio fuel as well as the modern day fuels used in the vehicles.

Saving the planet with green fuel

Metal fuel will not be a ‘green’ fuel and the threat to the Mother Nature and global climate changes will be aggravated if we bring the metal fuel in daily usage. Technology news further shed light onto how researchers will be employing a noble way of recycling the metal fuel with closed-loop system.

These researchers have studied the metal fuels for over a decade which has helped in understanding how it can be brought into fruition for the benefit not the smaller vehicles like cars but also the large vehicles like ships and trains.

A state like Canada which has abundant of metals will certainly see the economic benefits of the shipping metal fuel to other countries. Countries suffering from acute air pollution like China will benefit from the truly closed loop system of the metal fuel.

The biggest benefit of the metal fuel is that it works in closed system wherein the materials will go around and around without causing any harm to the environment. Technology news also brought a revelation that metal fuels isn’t a new thing as NASA has already been using about 16 percent Aluminum powder for its space shuttle’s rocket boosters for quite some time.

Tuesday, 25 April 2017

Flying cars: A 1950s dream takes to the skies without the rules to stay airborne

Flying car
A sports car with swivel wings that can get in the air: What acted like a year ago is now reality. The Slovakian flight car has a wonderful Technology can now be pre-ordered and is scheduled to take off in three years.

In Monaco, Aeromobil – the Flying cars company from Slovakia presented the final design of its flight car, which will cost between 1.2 and 1.5 million euros and will be delivered from 2020 onwards.

Aeromobil, the Flying car has the technology should be transformed into a plane in less than three minutes. The wings can be folded away for travel on the road. This company has an idea to build upto 500 copies of its first model. Like other competitors, the aircraft may only be launched and landed on conventional airfields or other areas explicitly released as an aircraft.

In order to drive and fly with the vehicle, the pilots must have both a driving license and a pilot license. Aeromobil deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2020, commented Stefan Vadocz- Chief communication officer. The company is already accepting pre-orders now. Until such aircrafts become the mass transport means, sometime should pass! Government is working around the world on to regulate the operation of unmanned drones and driverless cars in the future.

However, small airplanes for passenger transport are currently considered an exciting topic in the aviation and IT industry. Aeromobil is not the only company that relies on flying cars for super-richs. In addition to the Dutch company PAL-V, which has recently offered its model "Liberty" for sale, Terrafugia - the Flying cars company is also working on a similar hermetic car and plane.

The US Company was founded by five MIT graduates. For a $ 10,000 deposit, Terrafugia – the Flying cars company is already making reservations for its two-seater flight "Transition". Terrafugia is targeting first deliveries for the year 2019.

Aeromobil with 750 km range

According to this Flying cars company, the vehicle operates in a wonderful technology with standard gasoline already fulfills all necessary regulations for road and air traffic. With wings folded backwards - similar to an insect - it should also find sufficient space on every normal parking lot and thus be suitable for everyday use.

Able to take off, the wings must first be extended, which is to be done within three minutes, according to AeroMobil. Then the driver or plane needs only a meadow, on which now 8.8 meters wide flight car is accelerated to 130 hours kilometer, then ascend to the sky. There, speeds of up to 360 kilometres per hour are to be reached, on the road the maximum is about 160 kilometres per hour. The AeroMobil, driven by a hybrid engine and a propeller in the rear, could fly a distance of 750 kilometers fully, says the Flying cars company.

Aeromobil also works on a flight and vehicle for urban transport. Together with the Audi subsidiary Italdesign, Aeromobil is developing a passenger cell, which is to be flown through the city by autonomously controlled and electrically operated drones.

The Uber service has recently brought on board an expert on flying cars, which has been able to take off and land precipitously for decades on smaller vehicles. However, it does not want to produce its own flight cars, but sees itself as an "acceleration catalyst" for the newly-formed flight car industry.

In other words, its customers should first take conventional over-vehicles to a flight taxi stop in a residential area. From this "Vertiport" customer could then fly to the next stop near their workplace.

Friday, 31 March 2017

Car Genie: AA Device Predicts Car Breakdowns Before They Happen

Car Genie
It is quite risky if our car suddenly collapses or breaks down. Most of the car owners know that it is not possible to detect any potential breakdown in advance. But, now, you may be able to get rid of such risk, while you are driving your car. With the significant development in automobile industry, there is an introduction of a special tool, Car Genie. It helps in predicting the breakdown prior to anything happens to you.

You know that many of the modern car engineering experts have tried to reduce the risk of breakdowns, while manufacturing the vehicles. However, Automobile Association of the United Kingdom has attempted to give the utmost assistance to the car owners with its new tool, Car Genie. This company works with the aim of reducing the incidents of car collapse as much as possible.

Use Car Genie in a simple way-

The latest device Car Genie, allows self-installation process, and it is to be plugged to the on-board diagnostics point of a vehicle. Users have to install software, which enable them in realizing the probability of breakdown. The system has an ability to interpret EOBD of a vehicle instantly. Then, it delivers all the data to the related software. It also gives notification, which may be seen by driver after or before operating the car.
Car Genie has turned out to be the most advanced product of AA. The company has taken the right step to prevent customers from vehicle breakdown risk. This device will be accessible exclusively to AA associates from May in 2017.

Trials arranged by AA to test the product Car Genie-

Almost 10,0001 car drivers have been involved for the trial of this new tool. AA may also show much data to prove that they are striving to assist drivers in making out the faults at a very early stage. These faults include battery degradation and overall condition of vehicle.

At the time of making experiment, all the faults are tracked in cars of users, and they are related to ignition system, EGR and also air flow. With the identification of faults, it is also possible to analyze the system faster and find out the remedy immediately.

It may save the car owners from hazards and inconvenience, while they are on the highway. Moreover, after sending notifications and recommendations, the company may also provide support by calling their members. They help drivers in repairing the issue.

Within few minutes, as the users can get advice, they may continue the trip again. The outcomes of trial have revealed that almost 49 percent of drivers comprehend problems with vehicle. 66 percent of the vehicle users know the way of driving automobile economically. However, 47 percent of the car owners have informed that Car Genie is good to make their driving safer than before.

As the app collects data on location and driving mode of users (such as, speed, acceleration or braking), some skeptics may consider it to be a privacy risk. But, it is hoped that most of the car drivers will accept it in future.

Thursday, 2 March 2017

When Test driving Car Opt for Technology Testing

car
For long we had been going for test drives while checking out the driving experience and stability of the vehicle but in upcoming people will be indulging in testing the integrated technology as well. Over the years the in car infotainment and the navigational systems has gone through huge improvements in the recent times. A study has indicated that the average cars plying on the US roads are more than 11 years which means that more people are likely to upgrade to upgrade their vehicles in upcoming years. Currently people have inculcated the habit of connecting or pairing their devices in-car entertainment or navigational system to keep track of their movement to play music on the go.

Here are some of the tips which will help in taking out modern cars on a test drive:

Spend more time with car: Taking a good through at the technology present at your disposal will take more than 40 minutes. So spend more time with the car, find out whether your phone is compatible with it or not, check-upon the voice commands, carefully analyze the navigational system and get dig deeper to get acquainted with all the features.

Make sure your phone is updated: It is necessary to keep your phone updated with latest version of operating system when you go out to check new cars. Make sure your apps are also updated so can get easily recognized by the technology present in the cars.

Be sure about your likes & dislikes in technology: Only six percent of the cars sold in last year had touchscreen display along with the Apple CarPlay and Android Auto but this figure to cross over 50 percent in next three years. Apple CarPlay brings a range of features but it does have some limitation which includes no support for the Waze traffic app or the Google Maps. Therefore a user has to spend some in understanding the different features, functionalities and offering of different infotainment and technology brought by the automobile maker.

Don’t settle on one car: There is no need to blindly settle on the one car you have liked first. Go forward to check other cars available in the market and don’t forget to perform the traditional test drive as the real driving test still matters.

Focus on the safety: Safety is still a grave concern for the automobile so do check the features r technology like lane departure systems, blind-spot system and backup cameras. Different cars have different kind of sophisticated system such as lane departure system comes loaded with different features like some beeps loudly while changing lanes while others simply buzzes the seats.

Opt for such technology which adds value to the amount you are spending: Not everyone wants Spotify or need voice commands to make use of different apps and integrated technology. If someone doesn’t want to be bothered by the slew of technology marvels then opting for a stripped down model will be wiser choice.

Wednesday, 8 February 2017

Nissan Offers Cheap Hybrid Electric Cars

Nissan e-note
Global warming, awareness to ditch one’s own vehicle and opt for public transport, governments bid to reduce the amount of cars from the roads and more regulations is making it tough for the car manufacturers to get more customers. Nissan is a Japanese automaker which is making leaps in the automobile sector with its affordable and powerful vehicle portfolio. However in a bid to keep its revenue coffers filling up; it has decided to move away from traditional by focusing on all electric or hybrid cars. This will help Nissan in manufacturing greener vehicles at the same time lowering the costs.

The first electric car for Nissan

Nissan started it mass market entry with the battery-electric vehicle called Leaf which was launched in 2010. Currently this car is the coveted world’s top selling electric vehicle but this car simply failed to reach the initial targets. Till today it has sold only 250,000 units on global scale which are not a great numbers when we take time taken into the equation. The major reason attributed to the sales failure of the all electric car has been revealed by the CEO Carlos Ghosn is that ‘going all electric is expensive affair’. Therefore Nissan is focusing on nearly electric car manufacturing for upcoming years which will help in saving more on the costs as well as it will help in fending off the competition from the rivals.

Nissan is embarking on the journey of creating gasoline-hybrid technology of next level rather than concentrating on fully battery powered vehicles with zero emissions ratings. Nissan will have to best the major competitors like Toyota which is known for making astonishingly awesome hybrid cars and the most notable one is Prius.

Nissan is taking a Hybrid Detour

This isn’t the first time Nissan is thinking of developing hybrid cars. In 2010 Nissan has invested in a limited range of hybrid cars wherein it was able to ship only 95,000 by March in the same year and its global sales stood at 5.4 million units. Nissan has its eye on the world biggest automobile market and it will be focusing only on affordable electric car for China. Nissan R&D is also working on a vehicle which will be able to run on electric power generated right from the ethanol.

Nissan has kick started its e-Note program wherein it will be building a compact hatchback which will possess the same motor from the Leaf but it will be a hybrid vehicle. This E note vehicle will give direct competition to the General Motors Chevrolet Volt which effectively switches to the gasoline engine when battery is running low. The e-Note vehicle will be sold at a starting price of $15,777 and its availability is currently limited to Japan only but quite interestingly this vehicle is 40 percent cheaper than the 2010 Leaf. Nissan has stressed that it has go for cheaper price point for its hybrid vehicle in order to attract new buyers or to get them to upgrade to completely electric car in future.

Tuesday, 7 February 2017

Lack of Cyber Security Poses Threat to Modern Cars

car
Cars have evolved so much from being a machine only used for transportation to an all-round smart transport system, integrated with accurate navigation, music and cameras. But as all good things have their own vulnerabilities, equipping cars with accessible technology risks the danger of it being hacked. All cars manufactured in EU should be connected via emergency Call (eCall) services by the month of April in 2018. However these simple mobile devices are not built strong enough to keep away hackers and malicious programs. A research conducted by Hebert Leenstra at the Cyber Security Academy in Hague on Automotive industry, inclines that car manufacturers should take the lead on protecting people from increasing cyber threats.

Modern day cars, including cars that can self-drive are in constant connection with its surroundings. Microchips have been used in almost every car system which controls the basic functioning of the car such as navigation system, music system and managing the car engine. Microchip uses Wifi, Bluetooth, and 4G/5G services to communicate to other cars or networks. A hacker can easily gain access to the car’s network via the internet. The most vulnerable part is the CAN bus where all the vehicle’s ICT systems are stored. A hacker who has gained access to the CAN bus can virtually control the car such as changing speed and applying brakes.

Everything wrong with modern cars

There are some basic flaws and defects in the ICT structure of modern day vehicles that can be exploited by hackers. The entertainment system is often linked with the engine in most of the cars even though there is no apparent reason for these two to be linked together. Also modern day cars rely on using the internet for their navigation systems which can easily be hacked.

What can be done to improve Cyber security?

The research carried out by Leenstra has identified several steps that car manufacturers can take to protect their customers. The first thing car manufacturers should do is change their Can bus design so that essential and non-essential systems are separated making them less vulnerable to cyber-attacks. The government needs to reevaluate their policy that prevents car manufacturers from providing extended support to car software, security and firmware updates. The implementation of the update, which is done via the internet or by a USB stick, should also be reviewed as the UDB device can hold back all kinds of information.

A broader approach could be taken by governments, dealers and insurers in spreading knowledge and information about cyber security. Information Sharing and Analysis Centre (ISAC) established in the United States have taken an aggressive step to stop Cyber-crimes. All parties within the ISAC share information and experiences regarding Cyber-attacks, which Europe can learn from and adapt.

The ICT structures of the modern day cars needs to be completely revamped to ensure customer safety. With the incidents of hacking becoming more frequent, it is necessary to implement measures as soon as possible.

Saturday, 4 February 2017

Forget Snow Chains Use This Remote Controlled Claws

Remote Controlled Claws
The difficulty that one has to face while moving their vehicle on snow and ice is a major problem. There have been many instances when people have complained of this issue and do not even hesitate to pay a higher price for the cars that can move on snow-fed grounds without any discrepancy. Since, the grip cannot be produced on snowy platforms hence the car forbids to move forward. There is always a need to fit in snow chains or spikes to the tyres so that the grip can be developed.

An engineer called Peter Gross from Czech has found out a constructive resistance to this problem that will insure drivers with optimum grip on the surface covered with snow so that they can be saved from a troublesome situation where they have to fit in chains or spikes to the tyres to overcome the problem. This engineer has unveiled a contraption whose structure is like a doom that easily slips over the hubcap of the car, and smartly flicks out on a press and holds the tyre that provides desired grip on the grounds of snow and ice which enables the car to glide easily.

This innovative formula is structurally mechanized that sticks accurately to the wheel of the car and works with the help of a remote control using its four arms to get hold of the tyres by putting up spikes of steel for icy grounds and grips of plastic for snowy surfaces.

The engineer assures that his invention is not at all huge weighing just 6 kilograms and is very easy to deal with. He has also made a promotional video which highlights the features of this device depicting that how smoothly it works without leading to any hassle as on a press it adjusts properly to the wheels and saves you from the tension of snowy and icy grounds.

The Czech engineer said that he got the idea of inventing such a life saving device while he was getting ready for a business meeting. He accepted that he used to curse the entire universe when he had to make things fall in place in the middle of a filthy road adjusting his tyres to such adversities. This was the time when he hatched this plan to make the life of the drivers a bit easier.

The device is designed in such a manner that it will easily glide on to the wheels with a thickness of 15–18 inches. The contraption will fill utmost confidence amongst many who wish to go for winter vacation to a snowy place. A revolutionary device that will save the life of the drivers from all sorts of errors related to unfit surface to glide on. This snow grips is the ultimate solution that gives you the power to explore the world without experiencing any buffering. It is undoubtedly a major innovation in the field of automobiles that insures you a smooth journey.

Thursday, 19 January 2017

FF 91 – A Car That Recognises Faces

FF 91
The Vehicles that come up these days are fed with latest technology of all time. The vehicles too have turned out to be more of an electric gadget with all sorts of automatic features. The development in terms of cars, depicts a countries economy, the more updated version of cars, the more developed the country is. Faraday Future has introduced a fresh and new modeled car called FF 91 that is sure to give a tough competition to all the models of cars present today. The car with its terrific features is a perfect combination of style, elegance and comfort. It is designed with all sorts of fresh technology built especially to add charm to your personality.

It is bestowed with many features that will force you to bring this vehicle at your place as soon as possible. It comprises of an electric motor which is of 783 kW i.e. equal to 1050 hp. The mileage of the car will leave you in awe as it is capable of running 96 km/h that too in just 2.39 seconds. Yes, you heard it right, seconds! So you can well imagine the power of the vehicle.

This is not the end of the story as the car includes a battery with a capacity of 130 kWh, which is the highest density battery of the world. You can also charge your car up to 50% in just 4.5 hours and the car is capable of moving up to 600 km per charge. Don’t you think that the description seems to be of a cell phone rather than a car! Let me make you aware of the fact that LeEco who is a Chinese mobile phone manufacturer has induced his money in the making of FF 91.

The FF 91 car is called as Arrival Interface by Faraday Future that is not just a name given rather it introduces another vital feature of the vehicle which enables the owner of the car to unlock it even without using key. So, you need not worry now if you have forgotten to carry your key or by mistake have left it inside the car, as the smart car will identify its owner and simultaneously will welcome him or her by automatically opening the door because of the welcoming system fed in the car which uses cameras that are located internally to identify the user and will also maintain the settings as per the users choice.

The perks of the car does not end here as FF 91 is capable of recording the expressions of its users and will hence adjust the music and other settings like temperature depending upon the expressions. There are 10 cameras inside the car along with 12 sensors which are ultrasonic, both long and short radars which are 13 in number, the rear mirror has a display which is high definition and many more.

FF 91 is the vehicle that is capable of depicting the future of the car manufacturers and its users which is richly stylized without any loops from any aspects.

Tuesday, 10 January 2017

Selfie Taking Concept Car for Millennials


Concept Car
 
Fiat Chrysler’s new Portal concept car unveiled at a recent electronics show 

A breakthrough innovation which has taken the automobile industry further ahead is the Portal concept cars. The car was recently unveiled in the prestigious automobile event called Consumer Electronics Show. The maker of this extraordinary sedan is Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, and the car has a list of amazing features, the result of 20 years of constant research. According to automakers, this Portal Car is exactly what the Millennials wanted.

Separate cameras for every passenger 

This Selfie taking car features six different cameras, each attached to the separate six seats of the car. The cameras can take photos of every person sitting in the car. Passengers onboard would be able to take photos with ease, and capture every precious moment while vacationing or enjoying a road trip with their loved ones. This portal concept car by Fiat has plug in ports for electronic devices like for charging mobile phones, and every passenger gets an individual port. The camera can not only take pictures but it can be easily attached to other devices and everyone can share their new pictures with ease on social media.

Customize and create your own playlist 

Music is an integral part of driving and traveling, so Fiat’s Portal allows everyone in the car to share videos and songs. This is an important feature of the car, and every person present in the car can create a playlist which can be enjoyed while traveling by everyone. Another cool Portal feature is ‘zoned audio’, which allows every passenger onboard to enjoy listening to separate songs and music without using headphones. The same technology helps the car driver to listen to certain amplified sounds, like siren of an ambulance.
The van’s ceiling has a shared display screen which allows the passengers to create a combined playlist by mixing separate tracks from occupant’s devices.

Customizable interiors 

The interior of this top notch concept car is fully customizable. The car seats can be easily moved back and forth, and if they require extra space they can simply remove some of the car seats. It also features LED accent lightning, and the passengers can simply change the color of the interiors whenever they want to. Another high tech feature of this revolutionary automobile is the facial recognition software on the outside of the coupe which will help recognize people from a distance approaching the car. The entire entertainment feature and the interiors of the vehicle can be customized using the high tech system.

The self driving mode is limited in the Portal, and the driver can again gain control of the vehicle ones he is ready. When the steering wheel is not in use, it simply folds into the dashboard. Although, the event was a massive success CES, is not yet sure if Fiat Chrysler can actually create what they have said. The company has not made any announcement or revealed any plans to actually fabricate a high tech vehicle like Portal. It can only be hoped that the company soon creates a high tech automobile as this Portal concept car.

Wednesday, 21 December 2016

Lucid Air a Private Jet on Wheels


Lucid Air
Lucid Motors showcases its latest offering in a remote warehouse which takes away the breath of all at once. It brings a new force in the luxury car segment of high-tech automobiles which is bound to turn heads and give a stiff competition to the market leaders. Lucid Motors has aptly named their latest invention as the Lucid Air which an all-electric vehicle with a price tag of $160,000. Lucid Motors has stated that their new technology loaded sedan is aimed towards becoming a private jet on four wheels which it is when you look at it.

Lucid Motors has launched and began the deposits for the Lucid Air at just $2,500 for the standard edition which will be priced at something around $100,000. While $160,000 model will have a deposit of $ 25,000 and it will feature independent dual rear seats which can be fully reclined right to the back just like airline seating. Lucid Motors also has plans to introduce an edition at just $65,000 in near future.

Lucid Motors takes inspiration from other high end models

Lucid Motors has taken inspiration from three of Mercedes Benz models in order to design and model its Lucid Air. The exteriors can effectively be seen inspired by Mercedes E Class, interior space by S Class and emotion appeal of the vehicle originates from CLS. Quite recently Lucid has announced that it will build its own vehicles from a $700 million facility in Casa Grande in Ariz. Lucid Motors has just 300 employees who work from its office based in Menlo Park. It has future plans of rolling out its vehicles from its own dedicated stores which might sound like Tesla stores.

Lucid Air performance is awesome

During the test runs of the Air prototypes it has been able to achieve the 60 mile per hour speed in 2.5 seconds. This speed is same as it is seen on $1.4 million Ferrari LaFerrari hypercar. Among the features which defines Lucid Air as high-end car includes twin electric motors front and rear which results in 1,000 horsepower. It has a number of Lidar, radar and camera for autonomous driving and it has a range of 300 miles which can be boosted up to 400.

Lucid Motors aiming too big in too short time

We have seen a number of super car manufacturer shutting shops within a short time in recent past. Lucid Motors has plans of bumping up its manufacturing capabilities along with opening stores which will become function from 2017. Fisker Karma started doing the same thing but lost its steam within a year due to lower demand, costs and stiff competition from market leaders. Currently it has the initial production target of 10,000 vehicles and it will be boosted by 60,000 in upcoming years. Lucid Motors prides on its super technology and integration of it in super cars but the major issue would be to get break-even sales in order to move into expansion phase.

Saturday, 3 December 2016

Comma.ai Goes Open Source with Self Driving Car Kit


Comma
Self driving car segment is popularly associated with Google and Apple automated car programs. But most of the people doesn’t known that BMW, Tesla and a number of other firms are working on the segment and each are going through a rapid phase of development to come up with their own version of safe and robust self-driving car within the mid next decade. Comma.ai is a lesser known player in the self-driving companies list but it has done a tremendous research and built a very reliable within a few years of its inception.

Comma.ai has announced that it will be coming up with its own software platform and it has future plans of bringing an associated hardware module which will be made available for free download on Github site. The best thing about this startup is that it will release its software platform and hardware module as an open source entity under the MIT license. This will help in development and engineering of self driving more easier and error free than before both for the enthusiasts and manufacturers alike.

Comma.ai is already works on a selected number of cars

Comma.ai’s developed self-driving platform is currently helps in powering the automation utility to just two cars namely the Acura ILX and Honda Civic. In order to bring the automated driving functionality to these cars this particular self-driving platform has to be supported with the LaneWatch package which is placed in the cars. Comma.ai brings a number of self driving capabilities to the vehicle which includes adaptive cruise control and self steering.

Adaptive cruise control backed with Comma.ai self driving platform allows the car to slow down from any given speed to a slower speed as per the traffic movement ahead while the self-steering allows users to leave the car completely on the auto-pilot kind of mode.

The advantage & disadvantage of self driving platform at a glance

As stated earlier a number of car manufactures, equipment supplier and even well established technology companies are trying their hand at developing their own home-grown self driving cars. The potential of the self driving technology is vast as it will not just bring a drastic fall in the car crashes and ultimate deaths but it will also help in reducing the traffic congestion which has become a chronic disease in mega cities. It does have it won a disadvantage which includes a major and detrimental impact on the jobs along with the economy.

Comma.ai is moving swiftly towards bring self-driving all cars alike

At the inception Cooma.ai offered to develop a self-driving car within $1000 but what it actually meant was that it will help in retrofitting the existing cars with self-driving capability through hardware and software support. On the same lines it is making its self-driving platform in open-source which will help hackers, engineers, communities and manufactures to add new capabilities and extend the application of this platform to a more diverse range of cars regardless of the region and location.

Friday, 28 October 2016

This Year’s Paris Auto Show is Très Électrisant

car

Electric Car Market – Tesla Motors


The electric car market is dominated by Tesla Motors with regards to the attention the small-scale car builder tends to get. In a world of contraction emission criteria as well as city-wide prohibitions of internal combustion engines, it has been jointly decided that the electric cars seems to be the solution. This has been obvious during the recent Paris Auto Show.

The Mondial de l’Automobile seems to have the usual extreme French concepts though is close-to-production EVs like those of Volkswagen, Mercedes and Porsche.Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen AG have been leading enormous changes in the approach to electric cars in the auto industry with ambitious intentions focused in ending the indifference of consumer for battery powered vehicles.

The automakers from General Motors Co.’s Opel to Renault SA, at the Paris Motor Show had been announcing their contributions on latest electric car. In contrast to the earlier years where the focus was on viability, the exhibition this year had been focused in generating mass appeal addressing concerns regarding range as well as widening the selection of options.

The I.D. concept vehicle had been unveiled by Volkswagen that had been set to create a sensation in the market by 2020. Moreover it could drive almost double as far as the future Model 3 sedan on a charge of Tesla Motors Inc.

Car - a Revolutionary


Though only a model, the VW hatchback would kick off the roll-out of 30 battery powered car in the near future since the German manufacturer intends to alter an image tarnished by the emission-cheating outrage and Volkswagen seems to have high hopes for the vehicle.

Head of the VW brand, Herbert Diess commented in a Bloomberg TV interview with Caroline Hyde, that this car would possibly be revolutionary. It would possibly have the same importance which the Beetle had in its age or the Golf and the next generation will be I.D.Mercedes on the other hand is being likewise aggressive.

Earlier depending on converting the present model to electric, the Daimler AG unit intends to now introduce almost 10 new battery-powered vehicles. The vehicles together with the related technology like the charging boxes and energy storage would be promotedunder the EQ panel, providing more visibility.

Meeting Restricted Emissions Standards


Chief Executive Officer of Daimler, Dieter Zetsche had mentioned in Paris that they are now flipping the switch and are ready for the launch of an electric product offensive which would be covering all vehicle segments from the compact to the luxury class.

In particular, European manufacturers seem to be slow in developing a rational electric car strategy with the exception of BMW AG, having two diverse cars built around a carbon-fibre architecture which seems to be on the road already. The appeal of electric cars has been widened with Tesla’s success with the buyers in the U.S. and Norway, though the U.S. manufacturer has faltered while seeking to lift output which its well-established European opponents could have less trouble in achieving.

Though the cost of batteries seemed to have dropped in making electric cars reasonably priced, the turnabout of the industry also comes from stress in meeting the restricted emissions standards. The European Union is in search of efficiency progress in the next five years which would be almost double the gains since 2010.

Saturday, 22 October 2016

Researchers Show Air Bag Bike Helmets Have Promise

airbag_helmet

Foam Bike Helmets – Reduce Possibility of Skull Fracture/Brain Damages


An assistant professor of bioengineering at Stanford, David Camarillo is well aware that bicycling had been the main cause of sports and activity connected concussion together with brain injury in the United States.

With bicycling accidents, he had received two concussions and though he is not doubtful that wearing a helmet would be better than no helmet at all, he is of the belief that the traditional helmets do not seem to be protective for the rider as much as they should.

Camarillo had stated that foam bike helmets have proved to reduce the possibility of skull fracture together with other severe brain damages. However he thinks that many misleadingly are of the belief that bike helmets tend to protect against concussion, which is not true.

Being aware of what he does regarding the traditional bike helmets, Camarillo whose lab tends to work on understanding and preventing concussions decided to experiment a new kind of helmet, which is available in some of the European countries. The outcomes have been included in the September 27 edition of Annals of Biomedical Engineering.

Designed to Address Situations


The helmet which Camarillo had tested has a soft pocket worn around the neck which tends to pop up like an air bag around the head of the person when it gets alerted of a possible collision.

 Initially he had been designed to address the situations that people did not desire to wear helmets for visual reasons This air bag helmet had been compared to the traditional foam bike helmets by the researchers where the results seemed to be quite remarkable.

Mehmet Kurt, a postdoctoral scholar in the Camarillo Lab commented that they conducted drop test which seemed like typical federal test to assess bicycle helmet and observed that air bag helmets with the precise initial pressure could reduce head accelerations five to six times in comparison to traditional bicycle helmet.

The drop test comprises of placing the helmets on dummy head with accelerometers and dropping it, from neck-side up from different height on a metal platform. At two different angles, the head form had been tilted, faking hits of the crown as well as the side of the head.

More Cushioned Fall


Researchers had dropped the helmets from 0.8 meters to a height of two meters and had measured the direct speeding up of the helmet when it had hit the ground. Camarillo had informed that the huge size of the air bag helmet in comparison to foam bike helmets seems to be a possible source of its achievement.

Besides being large, it can also be soft enabling a more cushioned fall. But this cushioning seems to have a possible shortcoming. The air bag helmet, during the experiment was pre-inflated and the researchers had exploited the pressure of the air in the helmet before each drop to obtain the results.

 Deprived of the maximum amount of the air, the air bag helmet could bottom out resulting in the head to hit the ground with more force than it would be in the case of a traditional foam helmet. In the present form of the air bag helmet, a chemical process tends to activate expansion that does not guarantee maximum air pressure.

Tuesday, 6 September 2016

Self Driving Two Person 'Cyclotron' Bike

Cyclotron

Cyclotron Maintains Stability Utilising Gyroscope


Focus on automated vehicles has been directed towards cars and trucks. The ultramodern concept vehicle dubbed the Cyclotron tends to transport two passengers at a time and does nothave to worry about the road ahead.

The designs for the two wheeler looks like a cross between the vehicles from Sci-Fi movies Tron and Minority Report, which demonstrates a face to face ride where the passengers can get familiar while touring the city.Charles Bombardier, a mechanical engineer had explained in an article for a website that the concept vehicle would maintain stability utilising a gyroscope, which would keep it upright in spite of it coming to a halt.He commented that two passenger could sit facing each other with a rare opportunity to relax, converse or get to know one another.

The purpose of the electric vehicle design is to minimize the human footprint and would be capable of running in every season with the electric motor driving both wheels for enhanced traction during winter. Bombardier had developed the concept with industrial designer Ashish Thulkar and had explained that the design had been inspired by the Tron light cycle and the C1 prototype vehicle from Lit Motors.

Adjustable Seats – Adequate Space for Leg/Head


Cyclotron tends to recharge wirelessly and could probably buy as well as sell electricity in real time based on price fluctuations with the other vehicles. The interior of the vehicle seems to be a bit cosy with its two passengers seated face to face.

The adding of adjustable seats can ensure adequate space for leg and head with the passenger getting in and out through the butterfly doors, which makes the concept bike, appear like a high-tech insect. Bombardier, in his blog sets a number of concept vehicles intended at inspiring the future generations of designers. Over 200 concept cars together with bikes, planes, trains and space vehicles had been considered with industrial engineers from across the world.

Even after Tron hit cinemas for three decades, its effect on the advanced design indicates no signs of slackening down. The Cyclotron bicycle tends to borrow the look as well as the name from the science-fiction film with a design which has been unmistakably centred on the Light Cycle especially its two illuminated spokeless wheels.

Wheels Hubless – Utility Slot Modules


Moreover, the visually striking wheels `radiances’ tend to turn by themselves on in low-light conditions, helping as an additional safety measure by increasing the visibility. This seems to last for eight hours only on battery alone. The red laser lines can project rearward to mark a bike lane for precaution. The wheels seem to be hubless enabling what according to the designers is known as USMs or Utility Slot Modules, which are said to be storing vessels intended to fit within the wheel where the spokes could be in the traditional wheel.

Though it seems to be a great concept, it is left to be seen how the additional mass in the wheel would affect the gyroscopic effect. The base of the Cyclotron is said to be a manual 12-speed though the top-of-the line model tends to provide more secrecy along with an electronic gearbox which seems to move under a fifth of a second even when it seems to halt. Those who prefer to enjoy the ride could enable an automatic mode wherein the gearbox tends to do all the shifting for you.

Friday, 19 August 2016

Audi Vehicles to Talk to U.S. Traffic Signals in First for Industry


Audi Technology – Vehicles to Coordinate with Traffic Signals


Audi, the German manufacturer is developing a technology which would enable its vehicles in the United States to coordinate with traffic signals, permitting a more stress-free trip, which is said to be the first commercial use of the nascent technology in the car industry. Audi of America, owned by Volkswagen has handpicked 2017 Q7 and A4 models built after June 1, 2016 to be furnished with its vehicle-to-infrastructure technology.

Recognized as `V-to-I’, in the industry, the technology enables traffic signals together with the other infrastructure to interchange safety accompanied with other operational data, wirelessly to vehicles through the cloud. Ultimate applications of the technology that tends to continue for testing across the globe by manufacturers as well as transportation agencies would be beneficial in mitigating crashes thus dropping jamming on highways and roads.

Pom Malhotra, general manager of the connected vehicles division of Audi had commented that this is their foray into V-I and this is designed not as a safety feature but a comfort and convenience feature. Malhotra states that the system of Audi permits the vehicle to exhibit a countdown before a red light tends to turn to green and being aware of how much time one has before the light could change to green could relieve much of the apprehension of waiting.

Traffic Line Information – New Line of Ground-Breaking Connected Car


The countdown also tends to display on the dashboard if the vehicle decides that it would not be capable of making an approaching light before turning to red, to enable the drive to apply the brake. On waiting for the red light to turn to green, the display tends to disappear a few seconds before it turns to green, compelling the driver to be aware of the intersection and regulate when it is safe to go ahead, informs Malhotra.

Traffic light information seems to be the new line of ground-breaking connected car improvement by Audi. Audi had been the first manufacturer in 2010, to provide a broadband enabled vehicle and since then, Audi connect tends to continue to enlarge on its industry leading services and potentials. Towards 2014, it had been the first manufacture to provide 4G/LTE Broadband connectivity.

Planned partnership as well as proprietary scalable infotainment architecture has enabled Audi to constantly provide its customers with the latest in solutions to mobile connectivity. An executive has informed that the future applications of the technology could envisage it to be linked to the navigation system of the car or its stop/start roles.

Manufacturer’s Efforts to Leverage Technology


Another possibility is that the traffic signals could direct the vehicle to maintain a certain speed to match the flow of traffic lights. Audi intends to roll out the competence this year, in five to seven U.S cities with cities to be switched on one by one.

The company has not revealed which of the cities would be the first. The manufacturers of car have been making efforts to leverage technology inclusive of vehicle-to-vehicle communications – `V- to –V’, enabling vehicles to talk to each other, in order to decrease accidents and to improve overcrowding. Organizing such types of schemes could be challenging since both V-to-I and V-to-V technologies tend to need safe communication infrastructure as well as close assistance with municipalities together with transportation agencies.

 The President of Audi of America, Scott Keogh had stated that `continuous innovation in connected car services as well as advanced driver assistance systems which enriches and improves the customer experience is at the core of the Audi brand and our collective future.

Tuesday, 5 July 2016

Redshift SM: Electric Motorcycle Designed For Everyone

Redshift SM

RedShift SM  – No Carbon Dioxide Discharge


Marc Fenigstein, Alta co-founder and the CEO, has indicated that the Alta Motors’ battery powered RedShift SM is a good bike which does not discharge carbon dioxide and the company opted for electric power for performance. He stated that the purpose was to build a bike which would be faster than the ones already owned. With the application of 40 horsepower to a bike which tends to weigh around 275 pounds seems good for an 85 mph top speed though it would not be adequate to stand out in a market where superbikes tends to lead on with 200 horses accelerating at a speed of 60 mph in two seconds.

The RedShift SM that seems to look and drives like a 400-cc off-road endure machine comprises of subtler upside which it exposes not on the track but at the time of a ride around midday traffic in Manhattan. Alta had spent about 10 years on designing the bike for urban riding wherein it would take on commuter bikers varying from the budget conscious Suzuki TU250 and Kawasaki KLR to high Enders such as the MBW R1200GS. The benefits of RedShift SM consist of a narrow chassis which tends to slip with ease in the midst of traffic as well as a high seat for a view of errant taxis, device-distracted pedestrians together with other dangers

Instant Acceleration


The 5.8-k Wh battery pack seems to be good for an average range of 50 miles if intended to ride aggressively which is not much for a car. The RedShift SM tends to have instant acceleration due to the torquey electric motor and while the horsepower seems to be the main power for a lightweight bike, it is the 34 pound feet of torque which tends to matter. This seems adequate to leave cars and several other motorcycles behind at least for the first few blocks.

The RedShift SM priced at $15,000, seems small and is not cheap wherein for that price one could take away any number of larger and more powerful machines such as the BMW K1300s and Yamaha Super Tenere together with various stylish entry-level models inclusive of Triumph Street Twin, Ducati Monster 821 and Moto Guzzi V7. If one is on the look-out for an urban runabout, it takes the lead. The RedShift SM validates its price with specialization.

No Direct Consumer Sales


Unlike the other bikes, the RedShift SM tends to deliver an amazing amount of mechanical feedback, an awareness that one is on a complex machine and not a two wheeled application.On twisting the throttle, the motor tends to respond with subdued, clicking, crunching vibration before the power seems to be kicked in totally. It gives a feeling like someone seems to be feathering the clutch after moving into the first gear. However, there does not seem to be any clutch for operation, and no gears to choose.

The bikes would be shipped to dealers next year and not direct to consumer sales, BMW Motorcycles of SFwould be one among the first dealers. It would begin in California during Q2 before extending to the rest of the US later this year.

Tuesday, 14 June 2016

Cadillac’s Wide Angle, LCD Rear View Mirror

Rear View Mirror

Cadillac’s XT5 Rear View Mirror – LCD Portraying View of Traffic Behind


On flipping the day-night lever towards the bottom of a Cadillac XT5’s rear view mirror it tends to change to a LCD portraying a wide-angle view of the traffic behind you. It is said to be the first of what could be a flood of inside as well as side rear mirror utilising small cameras providing wider viewing angles as well as less wind resistance than the traditional outside mirrors. The likelihood prevails for several cameras edging together a seamless view of 180 degree.

Cadillac has partnered with Gentex Corpn in order to develop the Rear Camera Mirror, as called by Cadillac, after its announcement on the concept as a `streaming video mirror’, a year ago. Initially, it is available on the XT5, a crossover compact replacing the Cadillac SRX together with the high-end Cadillac CT6 sport sedan. On test trading the XT5, it was found that it worked well though it also needs to getting used to it. As Gentex seems to call it – the Full Display Mirror tends to pull an image from a moderately high-definition camera mounted on the rear of the car just over the license plate.

Lens – Hydrophobic/Water-Shedding Coating


The lens tends to have a hydrophobic or water-shedding coating in order to decrease the effects of the rainy weather. The image is said to be fed to the 1280-by-240 pixel LCD display implanted in the rear view mirror. The driver can switch between views utilising the lever towards the bottom which on modest mirrors tend to switch between daytime and night viewing modes. In reflective mirror mode, the electro-chromic component tends to dim automatically, the view whenever bright headlamps tend to shine on the mirror. Moreover the other exceptional feature is a high-dynamic range camera which tends to reduce the glare at night.

Gentex had informed that each pixel arrays its own exposure and the headlamps seem as bright objects, though darker objects like the outline of the car or a pedestrian at the side of the road can also be noticeable. It is said that Gentex seems to be having 10 patents on the mirror system inclusive of the streaming video mirror concept as well as for wide-angle-view calibration, de-warping, glare reduction together with the camera’s hardware design.

Wide View Beneficial in City Traffic


The first and the last impression is how extensive is the field of vision, which is around four times as wide as a traditional mirror. Since it is on the exterior of the car, the view is not blocked by back seat headrest, roof pillars or passenger. One needs to be aware that the view is 8 – 10 feet beyond a traditional mirror view. The wide view could be beneficial in city traffic as well as for looking around before reversing into a parking space.

When one is properly certain that there is no crossing traffic in one’s blindspot, you can switch on to the camera view on the main LCD of the car. What Cadillac has been doing with Gentex is just the beginning. Other automakers, including Tesla have been toying with small cameras as replacement for side mirror. They tend to lessen wind resistance, making the car contracted and easier to fit into a snug garage.

Saturday, 11 June 2016

BMW Revamps 'i' Electric Car Division to Focus on Self-Driving Tech

BMW

BMW `i’ Division Transformed into Development Centre


A board member has informed Reuters, that the `i’ division of BMW has been transformed into a development centre for self-driving cars, a main considered shift for the unit had earlier aimed on making a family of lightweight electric vehicles. Though Model 3 of Tesla would hit showrooms in 2017 and as Porsche and Audi rivals would be working on all electric cars to be released by 2019, the German car manufacturer seems to have put these kinds of cars at the back and its next fully-electric car would not be due till 2021.

The company’s approach has been changed after it’s fully battery powered car, and the i3, was not successful in gaining traction with the public with only 25,000 sales done last year. Tesla in comparison has already received over 370,000 orders for its Model 3. Instead of looking to match Tesla and Porsche with new zero-emissions sports limousine for release in the next two years, its focus lies in manufacturing an electric car with the next generation of technology, the autonomous driving.

Project `i’ Next


BMW board member Klaus Froehlich, in charge of development, in an interview at the company’s headquarters in Munich had mentioned that in April he had re-launched the `i’ division, as a unit dedicated in producing cars which tend to drive themselves and it is now in ramp-up stage which is called `Project i Next’. The renovation also tends to follow four great profile staff defections, this year from the division. Manager of BMW’s `i’ powertrain group Dirk Abendroth, vice president product management BMW `i’ Henrik Wenders, and vice president engineering, head of the i8 vehicle programme, Carsten Breitfeld, had been robbed by a Chinese electric vehicle start-up.

As a measure of its autonomous driving push, BMW has been hiring experts in machine learning as well as artificial intelligence. It is also assimilating the tasks of prevailing computer driven support systems such as emergency braking, cruise control, lane-keeping assistance and automatic parking. Froehlich stated that `with a fully autonomous vehicle, BMW could launch a ride hailing business without the need to pay drivers, thus giving car manufacturers a competitive edge over new ride-hailing companies such as Uber and Lyft that seem toeat away car sales by making part utilisation convenient as ownership.

BMW to Partner with Ride-Hailing Firm


Toyota Motor Corp had mentioned earlier in the month that it would invest in Uber and Volkswagen had announced a $300 million investment in Gett which was a smaller ride-sharing company. It is said that BMW may partner with a ride-hailing firm especially in markets such as China though the car manufacturer’ policy on probable partnerships with companies is yet being worked out in this space according to Froehlich. He further added that China which is the world’s largest car market would probablybe the market, where autonomous cars would first appear on a big scale.

He also mentioned that China is implementing technology extremely fast. Last year more electric cars were sold in China than in all the other global markets put together. BMW has also been considering in expanding the area of reserving parking areas as well as electric car charging stations over mobile phone, a market that is still uneven within countries. Car manufacturers have already invested in ParkNow as well as Parkmobile the two digital parking as well as payment services.

Saturday, 14 May 2016

Survive a Military Grade Bio Attack by Sitting in Your Car

Car

Tesla’s The High Efficiency Particulate Air Filtration


According to the company, those intending to buy a Tesla should add the capability of surviving a biochemical attack to the `pro’ column. It is said that Tesla has been examining a new in-car filter to `scrub’ the air inside as well as outside the vehicle in an attempt to fight the increasing issue of air pollution afflicting major cities. Air pollution has an important as well as a prevalent influence on public health.

As per World Health Organization, it is considered as the world’s largest single environmental health risk where over three million people tend to die due to this which is more than twice the number of people that die in vehicle accidents every year. Health and safety is of great importance to us. The HEPA filtration – High Efficiency Particulate Air, had been motivated by technology utilised in hospitals as well as the space industry. As per a blog post by Tesla, it has the capabilities of stripping the outside air of pollen, bacteria as well as pollution, before the driver enters and systematically scrubs the air within the cabin to eradicate traces of such kind of particles.

Air Pollution more Injurious than Car Accidents


Air pollution, statistically speaking, is more probably to be injurious to the world’s motorists than car accidents, considering the huge number of people residing in cities with the dangerous levels of air pollution which is beinga hindrance to health. The company of Elon Musk is tarnished for tackling some of the major challenges facing humanity; hence the latest feature of the Tesla Model S and Model X should not be surprising.

Irrespective of the outside state of air, drivers will be sitting in an unspoiled oxygen environment. The company has mentioned that the filter system tends to undergo rigorous testing by being placed in what amounted to a bubble full of pollution. The blog post explained that `a Model X was placed in a large bubble contaminated with extreme levels of pollution. The falcon doors were then closed and activated Bioweapon Defence Mode. Within a span of two minutes, it had cleaned the air inside the Model X to enable Tesla workers to sit safely inside the vehicle.

Filter System Very Effective


During the following minutes, the filtration system started cleaning the air outside the car eliminating the number of unwanted particles by around 40%. The company has stated that Bioweapon Defence Mode is not a marketing statement, but is real and one can exactly survive a military grade bio attack by sitting in the car. Revealed first by Musk last year, the mode utilises an extreme level of air filtration to eliminate harmful toxins from the air.

Tesla stated that it was almost 200 times more toxic than the world’s present highest levels recorded in Beijing. The company, in fact claim that their filter systems are so effective that it can even clean the air outside the car. Tesla will tend to continue in improving the micro-geometry as well as chemical passivation defences in the primary and the secondary filters that can be replaced easily and it will get better the long one tends to own their car.

Friday, 6 May 2016

Google, Fiat Chrysler Working on Self Driving car Deal

self driving

Google & Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV – Developing Self-Driving Cars


Google together with Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV are almost on the point of agreeing on a partnership which could break barriers between Silicon Valley and the auto industry in competition of developing self-driving cars, according to sources familiar with the discussion. The announcement of the partnership deal would be out soon as disclosed to Reuters on condition of anonymity by three people familiar with the situation, since the discussions seemed to be private.

The talks at first were reported on Thursday by blog AutoExtremist.com. Google, a unit of Alphabet Inc. as well as Fiat Chrysler, refrained from commenting on this issue. Google has stated that it does not desire to build self-driving vehicles on its own and has explored deals with auto companies though none have been confirmed. Sergio Marchionne, Fiat Chrysler Chief Executive stated recently that the company was in talks with an advanced technology company, though had not offered any details. The executives at the other auto makers, together with Ford Motor Co, General Motors Co and Daimler AG, have shown wariness regarding alliances with Alphabet or other technology companies which could demote them to the role of hardware suppliers.

Marchionne Interested in Partnership with Google/Apple


Auto executive had informed that they do not want to stand by while Alphabet gains richer profits from the data created by vehicles and their passengers. GM has indicated that it intends to go its own way on driverless car technology, going ahead in buying self-driving vehicle start-up, Cruise Automation. After Fiat Chrysler had issued quarterly earnings on Tuesday on a conference call, Marchionne had repeated that he was interested in partnerships with Google or Apple Inc. Marchionne had stated in response to a question regarding working with non-traditional automakers that `dialogue continues with people who are interested in exploring their relevance in the automotive world and would continue to help them find their way out’. A former auto executive, John Krafcik, who tends to head Alphabets’ self-driving car project, at a conference in Detroit in January, had made a public pitch for partners. Fiat Chrysler officials in Michigan as well as Italy had refrained to comment on assumption that the technology of Google would ultimately be offered on the new Chrysler Pacifica minivan launched in February.

Self-Driving Vehicles, Minivans – Ride Sharing/Shuttle Fleets


Marchionne together with the other FCA officials are scheduled to visit the Windsor, Ontario plant which builds the Pacifica on May 6. The auto as well as the technology industry executive had stated that the self-driving vehicles, probably the minivans would hit the roads first in ride-sharing or shuttle fleets. Among the models which Alphabet has been utilising in its self-driving project, is the Lexus RX450h, which is a hybrid sport utility vehicle, manufactured by Toyota Motor Corpn. Alphabet intends to have the first driverless minivans on the road by this end of this year but has not commented on a timeline for all 100 vehicles. On increasing the test fleet, the agreement would be helpful to Alphabet’s mission to automate the world’s vehicles. Its present fleet of 70 self-driving cars has driven over 1.5 million miles in California, Washington, Texas and Arizona.